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:Edgar Allan Poe:

Biography

Early Life
            Edgar Allan Poe, a poet and writer, was born on January 19, 1809 in Boston Massachusetts. Poe's father and mother, David Poe Jr. and Elizabeth Arnold Hopkins, were touring actors. First, Poe lost his father and then his mother died in Richmond on December 8, 1811. Finally, after his parent's death Poe was taken in by John Allan, a Richmond tobacco merchant.
            After some time, John Allan's business took him and his family to England where Poe would be educated for five years. Then, in 1826 he was admitted into the University of Virginia where he was doing extremely well academically. However, he was forced to leave after only one year due to the fact that John Allan refused to pay his large gambling debts. After this, Allan did not allow Poe to return to the University of Virginia and also broke off his engagement to his high school sweetheart Sarah Elmira Royster. Poe's relationship with Allan soon crumbled, which is why he moved back to Boston and enrolled in the United States army.

Works
            Upon enrolling in the army he had already written and published his first book, "Tamerlame and Other Poems". Then in 1829, he published a second collection called "Al Aaraat, Tamerlame, and Minor Poems". However, nether volume received any public or critical attention. In addition, this volume contains his famous poems "To Helen" and "Israfel". Furthermore, after his service ended he was admitted into the United Sates Military Academy. After six months Poe was dismissed from West Point for failing to follow orders. Then, while in Baltimore, he moved in with his aunt Mrs. Maria Clemm and her daughter Virginia, which is when he began to write prose tales.
            In 1832 five of his stories were published by the Philadelphia Saturday Courier. Then in 1833 his story "MS. Found in a bottle" won a fifty dollar prize. When Poe, Ms. Clemm, and Virginia moved to Richmond in 1835 he became an editor of the Southern Literary Messenger and in 1836 married Virginia, who at the time was only thirteen.
            Poe began publishing fiction there. For example, he published the story "Berenice" in the Southern Literary Messenger; however, most of his contributions earned him respect as a critic. These contributions increased the magazine's reputation, but they did offend the owner. Then, on January 1837, an issue of the Southern Literary Messenger announced Poe's withdrawal as an editor and included the first section of "The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym".
            Finally, Virginia's death on January 1847 affected Poe deeply, however he continued to write. Then, in the summer of 1649 he visited Richmond and was reunited with his lost love, Sarah Elmira Royster. Shortly, upon returning from a trip Poe was found unconscious on a Baltimore street and was then taken into a hospital. Edgar Allan Poe died on October 7, 1849. The cause of his death still remains a mystery.

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